Salvia is a bush that reaches up to half a meter high. It is evergreen and is provided with a quadrangular stem covered with with fine hairs. Its leaves are oblong with a gray-green color. Its flower is purple and large. It has a corolla with an erected upper lip.
Salvia comes from the Latin word “salvare” which means to save or cure. It is a plant often used for medicinal and culinary purposes for its properties and benefits.
Among its main components, it can be found essential oil, saponin, glucose, vitamin B, vitamin C, bitter principles, bactericide and estrogenic substances, enzymes and potassium.
Among its properties and benefits, it can be included,
- rubbing teeth with fresh salvia leaves can whiten them and also it refreshes and strengthens the gums, providing good breath.
- salvia has stimulant properties. It activates blood circulation and balances the nervous system, making this plant a good choice for people with anemia, asthenia or convalescents and those who are suffering from nervous exhaustion.
- it also has astringent properties and tones the digestive system. So it is very useful in case of diarrhea, bleeding, irregular menstruations, leucorrhoea, etc. The fact that salvia contains among its active ingredients estrogenic substances makes a plant suitable for female hormone disorders ranging from infertility to menstrual irregularities. Salvia is also one of the plants most suitable to mitigate the effects of menopause.
- it has antidiabetic properties, decreasing the levels of blood sugar.
- it has some diuretic capacity, which is recommended for the treatment of cystitis and urinary retention.
It is a plant contraindicated during early pregnancy. It should also avoid eating in women who are breastfeeding because it blocks the production of milk.